As global groundwater disappears, rice, wheat and other international crops may start to vanish

Posted: April 18, 2017 in Uncategorized

 

BY Dave Berndtson  April 17, 2017
Groundwater pumping and storage system for agriculture, in California's Central Valley (San Joaquin Valley), Fresno County. Photo by

Humans are depleting vital groundwater resources across the globe, creating a significant threat to the international trade of food. Photo by Jenny E. Ross/via Getty Images

We already know that humans are depleting vital groundwater resources across the globe. But a new study shows one of the biggest causes of disappearing groundwater is the international food trade.

About 70 percent of freshwater around the globe goes toward irrigation. Researchers from the University College London and NASA’s Goddard Institute of Space Studies now say that a third of that freshwater is drawn from the world’s aquifers — nonrenewable underground pockets of groundwater — and 11 percent of that nonrenewable groundwater is used to irrigate internationally-traded crops.

That means in time, “the current type of food that’s grown will not be able to be produced,” said Carole Dalin, an environmental engineer at the University College London who led the study published in Nature. “Or we’ll not have the same productivity, so it means prices will increase.”

When water is used to grow crops, it’s no longer visible to the consumer. This study keeps track of where this ‘hidden’ water is embedded and where it ends up.

To measure how irrigation drains global aquifers, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis hydrologist and study co-author Yoshihide Wada used an in-house model that essentially places a computerized grid over the Earth and then measures soil moisture, along with water exchange between the atmosphere, soil layers and the underlying groundwater reservoirs, to see where water was going and why. He validated his calculations by comparing them with satellite measurements that track water flow and underground water storage. . .

Source: As global groundwater disappears, rice, wheat and other international crops may start to vanish

Comments
  1. Kenneth T. says:

    Don’t forget the chemical industry.
    I don’t have any numbers, BUT I will say, there is a huuuge amount of water that is used.

  2. Absolutely, Kenneth. I think the fracking industry uses even more water than the chemical industry. Here in Taranaki, it’s estimated at 7-20 million liters per (2-5 million gallons) per fracking operation and some wells are fracked more than once.

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